11 YOUR COMMENTS 2006 1st half 

Jean Réné Gauguin, son of Paul Gauguin,modelled in 1927 a series of ten statuettes of about 75 cm high for the Royal Copenhagen Porcelain Manufactury . Each statuette was numbered from 1 to 50. They were painted by his brother Pola Gauguin. His father, Paul Gauguin, was married with the Danish  Mette Sophie Gad and seperated in 1885. Mette returned from Paris to Denmark with her 5 children. One of the statuettes shows 'Europa with the Bull'. After the first series of 50 copies, more copies were made signed JRGauguin



Front view of 75 cm high statuette of Europa and the Bull 

Dominique Vanhaecke Antique Dealer, Brussels

Same faience statuette in black and white print 

Brussels, January 3, 2006


RECENT ROMAN EXCAVATIONS IN TURKEY                              

 Roman Mosaic 2-3rd c.


In this large mosaic, about 1 by 2 meters, found in one of the excavated Roman villa's in Zeugma, amidts many other mosaics, Europa and bull/Zeus are accompanied by Astypalaia riding Posseidon in the form of a fishtailed goat, named Agipan ( kind of goatish god). From Poseidon and Astypalaia were born Ancaeus , king of Samos, who took the helm of the ship Argos, and Eurypylos,king of Cos. It is the first time that the two sisters, Europa and Astypalaia, are portrayed together.


The ruins of Zeugma are on the border of the present Turkish town Belkis. The Romans conquered  the town from the Hellenistic Seleucid empire. The Roman Scythian legion was stationed there and Zeugma became one of the most important garrison cities of the empire in the 1st and 2nd c.AD. Excavations started in 1987. The mosaics can be admired at the Gaziantep Museum in Turkey.

     Gaziantep, 2  feb. 06                                           Int.Archeological News 



Additional Info. Czechian painter TF Simon, (see Comments, dec 2005)

Apparently, Simon painted a second oil with Europa and the bull, but its whereabouts are unknown. The only  reference is a foto of TF Simon and some brother artists with in the background a painting standing on a chair, featuring Europa on the bull Zeus. The photo was taken in 1938 at the exhibition of his work for his sixtieth birthday.



On the painting Europa is visible and one horn of the bull. The painting shows some similarities with the colour etching shown in Comments dec.2005

Who can save this painting from oblivion?

February, 22, 06                                        www.tfsimon.com


For the occasion of the accession of Czechia to the European Union in 2004 a golden Medaillion was desigend and hand hammered by the Czechian artist Petr Sousek.The Medaillion pictures in front Europa riding triumphantly bull/Zeus swimming in the sea. The text names Europa on the left and Zeus on the right. The image is freely designed  after ancient Cretan coins. The reverse side pictures the legendary Cretan Labyrinth of Cnossos.Around the design the word Labyrinth has been engraved , in the middle its value in Ionic numbers SMD=2004, and below the Greek initials of the artist PS.


The Medaillion has a diameter of 19mm, weighs 8.6 gr. gold of .986. The golden medaillion has been coined 12 times. The same medaillion has also been minted in silver.

Brno, Czechia, 2 March                                    Antiquanova Mint


British Literature

The British cavalier poet, Richard Lovelace,1618-1657, wrote intricate poems. Some say over-elaborated and difficult to decipher its meaning. He was a staunch royalist under king Charles I and got imprissonned for his idealism under Cromwell. He was from noble descent and fought amongst others in the Low Countries.

In a long poem he recalls a pastorall day of Amarantha in the fields and forests and her meeting with Alexis.In his poem Amarantha: a pastorall, of almost 400 lines, he memorizes The myth of Europa and Zeus

 Her stemme, show 'tis a god-like race.

Descending in a even line, 

From heifers and from steeres divine, 

  Making the honour'd extract full 

  In Io and Europa's bull."

 London, 8 March,   Susan King               ____________________________________________


The Hungarian painter Emile Lahner, 1893-1980, lived most of his life in France, from 1924 to his death in 1980. He was a member of the "école de Paris" and was a versatile artist. He designed, painted, made stained glass, woodcuts, and  moviedécors. His painting represents many different styles from primitive to postimpressionistic, to abstract. Scenes from mythology he used only occasionally. Among which the Europa myth.



.The painting originates from the thirties. For more information see 'Les amis d'Emile Lahner'

 and  Peter J.Flagg-Emile Lahner                      Sacramento, 2 April 



Angie Reed Garner from the US (Lexington, Kentucky, 1969) paints in oil in a narrative, primative, and figurative way. In three oils on linen the myth gets a whole new interpretation

11_07                                                11_08                                      11_09 


I: Taking a stand                            II: Get moving                     III: are you sure you're really Zeus

45-45 cm                                       45-35 cm                           35-45 cm

It reads like a reference to the budgetproblems of the EU for 2006 and the halting of the process of the introduction of the EU-constitution.

Lexington, 1 Mai                                www.angiereedgarner.com


Of course the European Union has become the political entity representing Europe and in many cartoons the European press and media make use of "Europa and bull-Zeus" as its symbol, its representation. This fact was more than confirmed by the political leaders of the States forming the European Union in their meeting on the future of Europe in April this year. It happened at the date of the birthday of the President of  the European Commission, José Manuel Barrosa. He was presented with a beautiful birthdaycake, representing, of course the symbol of the European Union, Europa sitting on the beautiful white bull/Zeus.



On the first row, Jacques Chirac, President of France; Wolfgang Schüssel, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the EU (Prime minister of Austria); and José Manuel Barroso, President of the Europian Executive cq.Europian Commission.


Brussels, 10 june 06                       European Voice 4-10 May, 06 Brussels.