10 YOUR COMMENTS 2005 2nd half

SEND YOUR COMMENTS, Other artistic interpretations of Europe and the bull, or references of this symbol in literature to:



An intimate bronze group of Europe and the bull was spotted  in the statuegarden 'de Stegge' in Winterswijk, Netherlands, close to the German border. The Dutch sculptor is Jaap Hartman, 1950- , who also operates his own art-foundry. He is represented in several museums.


The bronze group, 40 by 30 cm, has been executed in 6 copies.

Rotterdam, 2 july                                   Fam. van der Lubbe .


Not recorded. A two and half thousand years old terra-cotta statuette. Europe's peplos is not blowing over her head as Moschus described poetically in his poem Europa in the 2nd century B.C. Europa's face is delicately sculpted and her garments give the impression being swept by the wind.



Early 4th century B.C. terra-cotta, higth 13,5 cm. Traces of pink remain on her garment. The back is not modelled and has a square vent hole. It was authenticated by 'Fragments of Time' antiquair in Medfield Massachusetts. It belonged to the estate of the collection of  Prof.and Mrs. Sidney Port, California, who bought it from a London antiquair

  Medfield, 2 august 2005                             Antiquair,  John Y Ambrose




The Dutch sculptor Hans Grootswagers, Breda 1946, mingles fiction and reality in his sculptures. His work is shown in exhibitions and galeries in The Netherlands, France and England. The European myth he has depicted several times in bronze.  

Europe's abandonment, h.37- l.57 cm


 Europe abducted, h.19cm 



Europe's Faith, h. 51 cm

10_05                     10_06


Europe carried off,  h.64- l.96 cm

 See www.grootswagers.nl

Oisterwijk, september, 2005                                            P.H.Gommers


Yevonde Cumbers, 1893- 1975, London, became the artistical colour portrait photographer of the London society  in the years between the Great Wars.In the thirties she made a series called the Goddesses Gallery. Ladies of the London society posed as greek goddesses; Europe was impersonated by Mrs. Ronald Ross, born Esme Catherine Crichton Stewart, 1909. Others mention Baroness Gagern as personification of Europa. As a photographer she was known under the name Madame Yevonde.


Madame Yevonde was one of the pioneer colour portrait photographer in the Uk. She used the no more existing Vivex method to give her prints the lively colour they still show. Presently reprints are made with the pigment transfer process.

www.Madameyevonde.com                                                                                                                                                               London, october 1st  05        Laura Barnes                                            


From Amsterdam University I received the Inaugural lecture of Prof. Michael Wintle: Europa and the Bull, Europe, and European Studies, Vossiuspers UvA, Amsterdam, 2004;

His inaugural lecture treats the association between Europa and Europe; the degree of association between the legend and the continent through the ages. Leading to the conclusion:" The myth of Europa and the Bull has indeed helped to shape mankind's impressions of the continent..."

In he printed version of the lecture is shown a bronze statuette of Europa, c. 1930, by the British sculptor Charles Robinson Sykes, 1875-1950, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford   The bull's head, bending backwards, licks Europa's neck, his horns encircle her waist, one point ending in her crotch, the other in her buttocks

Reference is made amongst others to Henri James,1843-1916.As an American writer he was well known in European literary circles; travelled several times extensively in his beloved Italy and was naturalized living his last years in the UK. In his book Italian Hours, reporting on Venice and its famous painter Veronese, he writes " He was the happiest of painters and produced the happiest picture in the world. ' The Rape of Europa' surely deserves this title; it is impossible to look at it without aching with envy."

The print also features a bass-relief of Europa and the bull on the front of P.& O. House, Cockspur Street, West London.


Amsterdam, November 5                               www.Europesname.com



There exist a large oeuvre  from the well-known Czechian painter Frantisek Simon, 1877-1942, known as Tavik Frantisek Simon.  He studied at the Academy of Arts in Prague. He lived and painted for years in Paris and travelled and sketched all around Europe and the world. He painted in a neo-romantic way, figurative but with post impressionist influences. He became also famous for his graphic arts, etchings, aquatint...Although he was not much involved in depicting scenes from Antiquity, the European myth caught his attention.

10_09                                                                                   10_10

The black and white ink drawing, 9,5-9,5 cm, was the basis for the soft ground, colour etching, 16-14,8 cm, on the right  The print from the colour etching   plate shows of course the reverse image. Both are dated around 1910.                                          ,                              



Europe abducted by Zeus, Oil painting, around 1910; 63,5-53 cm.


   Amsterdam, 2-december 2005             manager   www.tfsimon.com