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From Rotterdam.

Cultural city of Europe in 2001.

Europe reflecting on her future with Bull-Zeus in a  protective_menacing mood by Willem Verbon, Rotterdam





It seems the statue was on loan, and has been withdrawn.

 The city could apparently not afford this remarkable statue.

Rotterdam January, 2003





Recent acquisition Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, according to the Volkskrant Dutch painter, Nicolaas Verkolje, 1673-1746







  Amsterdam,  February 2003



 On page 185 of your book you mention a Europe-statue in Szentendre

 The sculptor is Kerényi Jenö, 1908-1975. He obtained a Grand Prix award at the World  Expo of Brussels in 1958.






The stone sculpture is  470-286-210 cm. and dates from 1972. "LOPJAK EUROPAT' or The rape of Europe apparently reflected the political situation of Hungary after the uprising of 1958.  Kerényi Jenö sculpted also some table-size statues, Lopják Európát, 1971 and Legenda II, 1945,1960,1974.
Boedapest, 2 March      Dzsingisz Gabor





It seems you missed a beautiful huge marble statue of Europe and the bull from the 19th century in the midst of Kensington Gardens contiguous to Hyde Park, London. She represents one of the four continents on the base of the Albert Memorial erected in the Hyde Park in 1876. The sculptor is by P. MacDowell






See the link:  The Art of Sculpture in VictorianBritain 

(The Albert Memorial)

From London, 19-06-03, Peter Hunt.


A second reaction is from Claire,  Yvonne & Emile Schoenmaker visiting London in May 03.

The photo shows Europe in its real setting




From Malaga, Spain. 

My holiday literature included CAP, a new  horse magazine (CAP Publishing NV, Brugge). Its first issue of may 2003 includes a chapter by the Belgian sculptor Rik Poot. During the Belgian presidency of the Eur.Union back in the nineties, he sculpted on request of Minister-President  Dehaene 15 bronze statues of 'Europe and the bull' to be presented to the 15 heads of government. The statuette is quite modern and with an original bronze application. it appears he is working on a life-size sculptor of this statuette.



                                           Photo Dirk Caremans


Hilde Somers, 31st July 2003




Amsterdam,  15 August 03,

Cycling north of Amsterdam with a friend I noticed a bronze Europa and bull image in the frontgarden of sculptor Eric Claus. It appears he sculpted more than 10 interpretations of this scene. In a booklet "Europa", with an introduction of the President of the Netherlands Central Bank and edited by A.G.L.Strengers, there are eight photo-representations of the theme acompanied by numerous designs. Two of these are represented below


06_07                                                          06_08                                                                  

Dr.Tineke Egyedi, 15-8-03


Dutch literature: 

Born and bred in The Hague, I found it unfortunate that you did not quote the best known writer born and living in The Hague, who wrote so vividly over its fin-de-sičcle citizens; Louis Couperus, 1863-1923.
Admittingly, the story concerned has not been included in the Works of Louis Couperus in 12 tomes, edited by a commission comprising about all the big names in Dutch literature of the fifties and was reedited by G.A. van Oorschot in 1975. Couperus story, ' Het koninkrijk Arles' (the kingdom Arles) appears in his Collected Works, tome 46, published by L.J.Veen, 1995.
In this story he refers to the beautiful mosaic of Europe in Arles. One of the Roman floor mosaics mentioned in your book on p.78.
Yours Frank van Lier, 15 September 2003


Atelier Bongard, Ferragudo, Algarve, Portugal

Admiring the 18th century Portuguese Azulejos panels (your book p.139/140), why did not you mention the modern Azulejo tiles and panels. This one I made in 2002


Azulejo painter and producer Sylvain Bongard, 28-09-03 



An Unknown 18th century Bronze

Who recognizes this statue and its maker?



The bronze  is 26 cm and is mentioned in the catalogue of Servarts Beaux Arts de 20,21,&22 september 2002, Grande vente internationale ŕ l'Hotel Merode, Bruxelles.  On the socle CAFFIERI is mentioned as the sculptor, but the statuette is not in his style at all. So it must be a lesser known sculptor from the 18th century. The image resembles an oil in the museum of Dunkirk from Sebastien LeClerc II, 1676-1763 and its engraving in 1714 by Edme Jeaurat, 1688-1738. A porcelain statuette from Neaples around 1780-84 is almost identical to this bronze, and so is a Copenhagen porcelain from the following years.
Who can help and suggest a name ?

Peter Gommers, 2-10-03


From the moors of the Dutch/German frontier

During our autumn trip, while enjoying nature and the beautiful moorfields of  Drenthe  (.www.lief.speedlinq.nl/) we arrived finally in a little village Borgercompagnie. To our surprise we walked up and against the Art gallery and museum of painter Lammert Boersma. His work is reminiscent of what sometimes is called the hyper realistic school. And of course Europe was there.


It was quite an exciting end of our trip.       Fiep de Leede, The Hague, 15-10-03.


Photographic Arts

Photographic art examples of the Europe-scene are not to be found in your book. Let me help you to introduce an example. The German photographer Viola Friedrich, born 1974, has become internationally known, with exhibitions in Germany, France, Swiss and the UK. In her prints on paper she created a series of five narrative photographs of the myth of Europe.


Her photographs are compositions of parts of different photographs combined with props and objects.
The above images are the second of the five photographs, called 'The Ride' and the third of the series  'The Arrival'
They look somewhat mannered but also radiate a certain aery atmosphere
                                                                                        birdphotographer Frits Gommers, Zeist, 10-11-03 



Roman period

The internet auction of Edgar Lowen features a bronze Roman buckle (6.3-5.2 cm) from the I-III century AD presenting Europe floating/hanging in front of the bull Zeus. Probably, found in Germany.


                                                     Antwerp, 23-11-03,  Peter Gommers


On page 184 of your book you mention two bronze Europe statues of Fernando Botero. From 21 june to 18 september 2003 there was a exhibition of his work in the Haagse Gemeentemuseum, The Hague. The following chalk drawing of  "The abduction of Europe" was part of the exhibition             ,39-39 cm 15


Bois Le Duc, 17-12-03                                                    Dolf en Pam Weiler